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2016 WASSCE (NovDec) English language Paper Two – Essay
Answer three questions in all; One question in section A and all the questions in sections B and C.
1. You have been invited to a night party by a friend.Write letter to the friend, giving at least three reasons why you cannot attend.
2. Write an article suitable for publication in a national newspaper on the need to promote local industries in your country.
3. Write a letter to the Director of Health Services in your district discussing at least three ways in which the quality of health care can be improved .
4. You are the main speaker in a debate on the topic: Brain drain has undermined the development of most African countries. Write your argument for or against the motion
5. Write a story ending with the statement; If I had known the truth, I would not have acted the way I did.
BELOW ARE SOME GUIDELINES THAT IF EMPLOYED AND REMEMBERED SHOULD AID THE STUDENT CONSTRUCT A GOOD ESSAY.
• TOPIC SENTENCE : Main Concept Of The Paragraph
• THESIS STATEMENT: Clear And Coherent Statement That Answers The Question Posed.
• SUPPORTING EVIDENCE: Evidence That Supports The Concept In The Thesis Statement.
• PAPER FORMAT AND GRAMMAR: The Essay Should Have A Beginning Middle And An End. It Should Also Utilize Proper Grammar Including Punctuation, Spelling Subject And Verb Usage.
It is unfortunate that sometimes the misconception of our childhood, if not corrected, can shape our subsequent actions and seal our fate.
I remember clearly the case of Kofi Mensah. An uncle had taken him along to the city from our village, Bandana. Although he was already eight years old, he was not attending school because his parents had been too poor to send him to school. But now his benevolent uncle was going to put him in school in the city. How lucky for him, we all thought.
But to our greatest surprise, three months later, Kofi was back in the village! When we asked him why, he gave us chilling accounts of school. For him, the strict rules of school robbed one of the carefree liberty that village life offered and school meant wicked teachers who flogged pupils mercilessly. As a result, he had not only decided to stop attending school, but instigated a number of his classmates to do the same. Subsequently, they would pretend to leave for school each day but end up in a secret place and while away the hours until school is over. When the school authorities found out what Kofi had done, he and other truants received the flogging of their lives and was suspended for two weeks, but Kofi never went back to school.
Two years later, when my own elder brother took me with him to the same city to start school, Kofi’s chilling accounts of school were all frighteningly fresh on my mind. That was why on the first day of school, with a pounding heart and reluctant steps, it took me an hour to drag myself to school and I arrived very late. The teacher on duty, who happened to know how close my brother’s house was to the school, asked me, “when did you leave home for school”
“One hour ago, Sir”, I replied
“And it took you a whole hour to get to school from a distance of less than half a kilometer on the first day of school”
As the teacher motioned to me to receive my punishment for coming late, he muttered in a voice full of concern, “We have a sacred duty to mold you children into responsible adults, my young man, spare the rod and you will spoil the child”. That comment brought an instant understanding to me and I comported myself to receive my well-deserved punishment.
Today, as a university lecturer, I look back to those days and I remember Kofi Mensah and his misconception about school, teachers and discipline. He still lives in the village and because those misconceptions were never corrected, he had ended up a mere illiterate farmhand, too poor to send his own children to school.
a) What misconception did Kofi Mensah have about school?
b) How did he react to this misconception?
c) For what two offenses was Kofi Mensah punished in school?
d) Why did it take the narrator a long time to get to school on the first day?
e) What changed the narrator’s previous view of school?
f) How would you describe the narrator’s attitude to Kofi Mensah’s present situation?
g) …..who happened to know how close my brother’s house was to the school…..
i. What grammatical name is given to this expression as it is used in the passage?
ii. What is its function?
h) For each of the following words, find another word or phrase which means the same and which can replace it as it used in the passage,
a. Kofi Mensah considered school a place where there were strict and wicked teachers.
b. He withdrew from school OR He stopped attending school.
OR He influences his classmates to stop attending school.
c. i) He was punished for absenting himself from school, OR He was punished for truancy.
ii) He was also punished by instigating his classmates to stay away from school, OR He was punished for influencing his class mates to stop attending school.
d. Kofi Mensah’s frightening account of school was still fresh in his mind OR
He dreaded the teachers and discipline in school.
e. The teacher’s comment that teachers had a sacred duty to mold young children into responsible adults. OR The teacher’s comment.
f. It is one of pity OR He felt pity (or sympathy) for Kofi Mensah.
g. i) It is relative or adjectival clause.
ii) It gives more information about ( the noun) ‘teacher’. OR It qualifies the noun phrase ‘the teacher on duty’. OR It describes the noun phrase ‘the teacher’.
h. i) benevolent – kind, generous, caring, kindhearted, charitable
ii) chilling – terrifying, frightening, scary
iii) pounding – throbbing, trembling, thumping, racing, fast beating
iv) motioned – beckoned, gestured, signaled
v) mould – shape, make, nature, fashion, transform, groom
It is very disturbing that the twenty-first century is plagued by many calamities. Wars and other forms of violence like terrorism and kidnapping have become recurring problems that many countries have to contend with. This is because people are not willing to tolerate one another’s differences. For instance, different ethnic groups take up arms against one another. Also, political differences and religious diversities have become major dividing factors and one frequently addressed through physical aggression.
Another problem is the increase in diseases. Now, than before, many bacteria and viruses are being genetically created in medical laboratories. Sometimes, human beings are accidentally infected with these laboratory-invented microorganisms; at other times, infection is deliberate for research purposes but could be accidentally transmitted to other people. Many of these genetically created bacteria and viruses subsequently develop drug-resistant strains. This, however, is not to suggest that medical science has failed humankind.
Apart from diseases, people in many parts of the world contend with disasters such as earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, droughts, volcanic eruptions and hurricanes. All of these have devastating effects on human beings and the environment. A lot of people usually die and plants are destroyed. Although may consider these acts of God, they are actually mostly triggered by human activities.
Despite the enormity of the problems, a lot is being done to eradicate or at least, control their impact on humans and the environment. People of diverse ethnic, political and religious backgrounds meet from time to time to find amicable resolutions to their differences before they escalate into violence. Often on the news, we hear about peace talks, seminars, summits and conferences convened by international bodies such as the United Nations, the African Union and the European Unions to resolve conflicts of various nature.
Also, the human activities that have resulted in global warming and environmental degradation are being checked through regulations and policies by the relevant authorities. Such policies include planting of trees, cutting down on emission of greenhouse gases, discouraging indiscriminate felling of trees and recycling of non-biodegradable materials. While the world may not be completely rid of diseases and illness, researchers are working hard to produce drugs that will cure these diseases. Research on HIV/AIDS and Ebola virus, for example have received much funding in recent times. As a result, HIV can now be controlled and prevented from turning into full blown AIDS. The Ebola disease can now be treated, and cures for other chronic diseases are on the verge of discovery. Indeed, people want to live happy lives. If all these interventions work out as hoped, the world would certainly become a better place to live in.
a) In three sentences, one for each, identify the causes of the problems of the twenty-first century.
b) In three sentences, one for each, state the steps that are being taken to control the problems of the twenty-first century.
a) i) There is an increase in the level of intolerance (among people).
ii) Many bacteria and viruses are now being created in medical laboratories. OR There are now many man-made bacteria and viruses.
iii) Human activities trigger some disasters.
b) i) People hold meetings regularly to settle disputes.
ii) Relevant authorities regulate harmful human activities.
iii) Researchers are working hard to discover the cure for disease. OR Researchers
are working hard to cure diseases.