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2014 WASSCE (NovDec) English language Paper Two – Essay
1. Your uncle has asked you to tell him your educational ambition so that he may assist
you. Write a letter to him thanking him and giving details of your plans.
2. Write an article for publication in a national newspaper on unemployment in your country, highlighting its effects and the way out.
3. The rate of power outage in your locality has been alarming. Write a letter to the area manager of the electricity company complaining about the effects of this problem and asking him to come to your aid.
4. A youth club is organizing a series of talks meant to stimulate members to prepare adequately for the future. As youth leader, you have been invited to give a talk on My dream for the future. Write your speech.
5. Write a story ending with the expression: If I had been given the full details, I would have acted differently.
BELOW ARE SOME GUIDELINES THAT IF EMPLOYED AND REMEMBERED SHOULD AID THE STUDENT CONSTRUCT A GOOD ESSAY.
• TOPIC SENTENCE : Main Concept Of The Paragraph
• THESIS STATEMENT: Clear And Coherent Statement That Answers The Question Posed.
• SUPPORTING EVIDENCE: Evidence That Supports The Concept In The Thesis Statement.
• PAPER FORMAT AND GRAMMAR: The Essay Should Have A Beginning Middle And An End. It Should Also Utilize Proper Grammar Including Punctuation, Spelling Subject And Verb Usage.
As a boy of sixteen, I found out the hard way that there are two kinds of works: one uses the mind and the other uses the muscle. I am thinking of 1969 when I ended up in Bullom to work in the Valley Tyre Factory. To answer to an advertisement in the newspaper, I walked miles in the afternoon sun, my stomach slowly knotting on a bun that was my breakfast, my teeth like bright candles gone yellow. This was the beginning of my ordeal.
I entered the factory sweating, looking ugly and untidy, the result of my long walk. Christopher, the accountant and part owner, looked droopily through his bifocals at my application and at me. He asked my age, apparently because he didn’t believe I was eighteen (the legal age for employment) which I had indicated in my application. Finally, after a moment of silence, he said, “come back tomorrow, eight-thirty’’.
I thanked him, left the office and decided to look round. I saw some workers heave tyres into bins while others carted uneven sacks of tyres on hand trucks, their faces as black as charcoal from tyre dust. When they talked or swore, their mouths showed a bright pink.
The next morning I arrived early at work. The assistant foreman, a miserable-looking man, showed me a time card and how to punch in. He took me to the canteen, the locker room and pointed out the places which were out-of-bounds. Later, he showed me the ovens where the tyres were recapped and the customer service area. When he left me, my heart sank as I thought about what I had just seen.
In the afternoon, I was told to help Modou who was responsible for choosing tyres that could be recapped without the risk of exploding at high speed. A truck delivered used tyres and after I had unloaded them, I carted them all to Modou who inspected them for punctures and rips. Next, I set the tyres on the machine for Modou to work on after which I carried the finished product into a store. All this while, I had no rest.
At the end of the day, we swept up the tyre dust and dumped the rubbish into the bins. We closed for the day and I staggered to the nearest tree to rest for a while. Within minutes, I was asleep and by the time I woke up, my shoulders were sore and my eyes were hurting.
a) Why did the writer go to Valley Tyre Factory?
b) How would you describe the appearance of the writer on his first visit to the tyre factory?
c) What was the writer’s perception of factory work?
d) Why did the writer lie about his age?
e) What did Modou inspect the tyre for?
f) Why did the writer stagger at the end of his first day at the factory?
g) ……my heart sank………
i) What figure of speech is contained in the expression above?
ii) What does it mean?
h) When they talked or swore………….
i) What grammatical name is given to this expression as it is used in the passage?
ii) What is its function?
i) For each of the following words, find another word or phrase which means the same and which can replace it as it is used in the passage:
a) To answer to an advertisement. Or
To look for an employment. Or
To deliver his application letter for employment.
b) Unkempt, or untidy or ugly
c) He saw factory work as being physically tasking or tedious or demanding or tiring or exacting or laborious
d) He lied because, at sixteen, he was not qualified for employment. Or
He lied to satisfy the legal age for employment.
e) He inspected the tyres for punctures and rips.
f) He was exhausted or very or tired or worn out.
g) i) Metaphor
ii) The writer lost hope. Or
The writer felt disappointed. Or
The writer was discouraged or downcast.
h) Adverbial clause of time
Modifies or qualifies the verb “showed”
i) i) droopily – lazily, indifferently, casually
ii) heave – lift, carry, haul
iii) carted – moved, carried, transported, conveyed.
iv) inspected – examined, checked, scrutinized
v) rubbish – refuse, trash, waste.
7. Read the following passage carefully and answer in your own words as far as possible, the questions on it.
The family is the basic social unit of society, therefore society’s health is directly related to the family’s health. If we are to survive and maintain a healthy society, then everyone must work to promote health families.
As a social unit, the family serves several important functions. First and foremost, most parents work hard to earn money so that they can provide the basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter for their children. Children have other basic needs as well. Have you ever watched a parent teach a toddler to touch a hot stove? Young children need to be taught basic knowledge about to live in their environment.
Families also teach their children basic skills such as how t get along with others in the so
society. The family is the essential mechanism by which a child develops capability to survive and function independently in world. This can happen only when the child’s needs are met. Also growing up and becoming a adjusted person is a complex process. Children need to develop a sense of belonging therefore, they need families that help them feel secure and loved. When going through rough times, children need to know they can to family members for support. By providing support, families promote self- esteem in their children. Good self-esteem provides children with confidence to become successful and happy adults.
Moreover, families teach children values or beliefs and feelings about what is important.
Developing a good value system helps children know right from wrong. It helps them make decisions that that will affect their future and turn them into good citizens who follow the laws and contribute in a positive way to society.
Does your family have traditions such as pouring of libation to the ancestors? It is through traditions such as these that families pass their culture on to their children. By learning about their cultural background, children develop ethnic identity, a feeling of belonging to a certain group of people. Having a cultural heritage enriches the lives of family members and gives them a pride in who they are.
In order for a family to function properly, each member must learn to accept their responsibilities to the family. Some responsibilities such as providing basic comforts and needs, fall primarily to the parents in the household. Parents are responsible for setting limits and maintaining rules that ensure the health and safety of family members.
Children also have their responsibilities towards the family. Think about chores that they help out with at home, such as cleaning, cooking and shopping. Sharing these tasks not only helps the family runs more efficiently, but it also equips children with life skills they will need as adults. Knowing that they helping out boosts their self-esteem and gives them a greater sense of responsibility.
Not all responsibilities, it should be noted are practical. Some of the most important responsibilities family members have are of an emotional nature. Parents are responsible for providing love and acceptance to their children, who have the responsibility of showing appreciation in return.
a) In five sentences, one for each, summarize the responsibilities of parents towards their families.
b) In one sentence state the responsibility of children to their families.
a) i) Parents provide basic or fundamental or primary needs for their children.
ii) They teach their children basic skills
iii) They provide security or support or love to their children.
iv) They teach their children societal values or value system
v) They transmit their culture or tradition to their children
vi) They maintain rules in the family.
b) i) Children help with household chores in the family.
ii) Children show appreciation to their families