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2013 WASSCE (June) English language Paper Two – Essay
1 Write an article for publication in a national newspaper on the topic:
The menace of hawking on the street and how to deal with it.
2 As senior prefect of your school write the speech you would deliver to first-year student how to manage their time.
3 Your sick grandmother has been admitted to hospital. Write a letter to your brother describing the state of her health when you visited her.
4 Write a story to illustrate the saying: The lazy man goes to bed hungry.
5. The Society for the Improvement of Living Conditions is organizing a debate on the motion:
The rapid development of a country depends solely on politicians.
Write your argument for or against the motion.
BELOW ARE SOME GUIDELINES THAT IF EMPLOYED AND REMEMBERED SHOULD AID THE STUDENT CONSTRUCT A GOOD ESSAY.
• TOPIC SENTENCE : Main Concept Of The Paragraph
• THESIS STATEMENT: Clear And Coherent Statement That Answers The Question Posed.
• SUPPORTING EVIDENCE: Evidence That Supports The Concept In The Thesis Statement.
• PAPER FORMAT AND GRAMMAR: The Essay Should Have A Beginning Middle And An End. It Should Also Utilize Proper Grammar Including Punctuation, Spelling Subject And Verb Usage.
6. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions on it.
The World Day against Child Labour was observed on June 12 in several parts of Ghana. A national durbar was held at the Agbogbloshie market in Accra, a venue that was strategically selected for its prevalence in female porters.
It was quite an effort for the organizers to convince the girls and women to sit and listen to the message. The reasons for this included the fact that, sitting would waste precious time during which they could be out making some money. Those who sat did so only because they were tired and wanted rest for a few minutes. They were rewarded with delicious cups of chilled fruit juice and snacks.
They were also treated to good traditional music, dance and drama. These girls and women had travelled to Accra to make a living. They said they could not return home ’empty-handed’. They needed to buy saucepans and pieces of cloth to prepare for marriage when they returned home.
One girl narrated how a woman had brought her to Accra, with the blessing of her parents, to attend school and serve as a housekeeper. She had been promised a sewing machine, a school uniform and a lot of money. Unfortunately, that woman disappeared on arrival. Stranded, she found a few female porters at the lorry park who spoke her dialect. They took her in and introduced her to their porterage business.
It is sad that so many youngsters have had their dreams shattered. Parents, rather than support their children at home, allow them to travel to distant places to work for strangers. Children’s aspirations have been altered; their main aim now is to make money and get married. Many parents consider themselves too poor to cater for their children, yet they continue to produce more, expecting the government to support their children
While some youth desire to continue their education or to learn a trade, there are very few avenues open to them. Several Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have joined hands with the government to assist such youth. Centers have been provided particularly for girls to learn a trade. Some girls who got sewing machines and working tools have sold these off and resumed their porterage business. There is the need to adopt specific measures to solve this lingering problem.
In the Kumasi Central market, for example, an innovation was introduced a few years ago. After many porters had been interviewed, those who were younger than fifteen were immediately registered and enrolled in school. Then customers were also educated to allow only porters older than fifteen years to operate. It was a Herculean task. Unfortunately, this effort was discontinued when some girls started lying about their ages. Even those enrolled in school began to withdraw and return to the markets and lorry parks to make money. The lure of money was too strong to resist.
a) Why did some porters choose to sit and listen to the message?
b) What is the ultimate aim of the girls who travel to Accra?
c) Give two reasons why efforts to help the porters were unsuccessful.
d) How did the abandoned girl get out of her situation?
e) What is the writer’s attitude to the parents of the children in the passage?
f) … when they returned home.
i. What is the grammatical name of the expression above?
ii. What is its function in the sentence?
g) …a Herculean task.
What is the meaning of the expression above?
h) For each of the following words or groups of words, find another word or phrase which means the same as the word or group of words and can replace it in the passage:
ii) rewarded with
iv) cater for
vi) lure of
a) They were tired and wanted to rest.
b) They want to make living or pet married.
c) i) The porters lied about their ages.
ii) They sold the machines or working tools.
iii) They left the schools and returned to the streets.
iv)They were more interested in making money than learning a trade being educated.
d) Some porters who spoke her dialect took her in or accommodated her.
e) The writer thinks that they are irresponsible.
f) i) Adjectival clause of time.
ii) Modifies the infinitive “to prepare”.
g) It means a formidable or very difficult or an enormous or job or assignment.
h) i) strategically -particularly; deliberately; intentionally; purposely
ii) rewarded with – given; served; provided with
iii) shattered- destroyed; dashed
iv) cater for-provide for; take care of; meet the needs of
v) specific-definite; particular; precise; clear-out
vi) lure of – attraction of; strong desire for; enticement of
7. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions on it.
Of the various organs in the body, the heart is undoubtedly the most important. All the other organs also perform very useful functions which make continuous existence possible. However,while some organs can be surgically removed with no fatal consequences, if the heart fails for even a few minutes, the human being dies. Yet, it is the only organ that never really rests. It throbs ceaselessly, distributing blood to nourish all parts of the body.
Come to think of it, a man’s heart beats about 70 times every minute. At that rate, we can say with all certainty that the heart beats 4,200 times every hour or 1,000,800 times in a day. If a person lives for 70 years, his heart would beat 2,575,440 000times. From all indications, there is no known machine contrived by man that can equal this feat. Machines made by man normally have long periods of inactivity when they are undergoing repairs or are being serviced. New parts are installed to improve their performance. Besides, very few machines can keep on working for more than a few years without depreciating. Yet, there is one machine that keeps on working efficiently for years on end, whether we are awake or asleep, without any form of servicing of repair the marvelous heart!
As a result of the heart’s dependability we take it for granted. We hardly even give ourselves enough rest and overworking puts a strain on the heart. We also do not think of what we eat or drink and their effects on the heart. Rather, most people carelessly consume all sorts of foods and drinks, regardless of their cholesterol content that can cause harm to the heart. We also find it convenient not to take the appropriate exercise that strengthens the heart.
Regrettably, there are some individuals who overburden their hearts and put this vital organ at risk, by taking unprescribed drugs. People should avoid negative emotions like anger and jealously because they disrupt the function of the heart. Therefore, to have a good heart, live long and well, people should at all costs adopt healthy lifestyles and live in harmony with all
a) Why is the heart such as important organ?
b) What distinguishes the heart from other machines?
c) How can man-made machines be made to function well?
d) Mention two things which the writer says should be done to improve the working of the heart.
e) Mention two things which should be avoided if the heart is to work well.
f) …that never really gets rests.
i. What is the grammatical name of the expression above?
ii. What is its function?
g) … we take it for granted.
What is the meaning of this expression as it is used in the passage?
h) For each of the following words, find another word or phrase which means the same as the word and can replace it in the passage:
a) It is important because all the other parts of the body depend on it or if it is, the human being dies.
b) The heart does not rest whereas other machines do.
c) By repairing and servicing them.
d) i) People should eat the right type of food.
ii) People should take appropriate exercise.
iii)People should take enough rest.
e) i) People should avoid negative emotions or anger of jealously.
ii) People should avoid taking unprescribed drugs.
f) i) Adjectival clause.
ii) Modifies or describes the noun ‘organ’.
g) It means that we assume that the heart will always function or continue to work.
h) i) ceaselessly – constantly; continuously; endlessly; all the time
ii) contrived- made; built fashioned; devised; constructed
iii) strain – stress; pressure
iv) appropriate – suitable; proper; right
v) disrupt – disturb; interfere with; interrupt; obstruct
8. Read the following passage carefully and answer, in your own words as far as possible, the questions on it.
The local textile industry which boomed in the 1970s has taken a nose dive following the importation of cheap fabrics. Those involved in this nefarious practice have a field day, with no legislation in place to check their activities. Even the traditional Ghanaians kente has been pirated and is being imported with impunity. The question is, how do the foreign manufacturers get access to our designs? The answer is simple. There are some Ghanaians who are so greedy that they are prepared to do anything to become rich overnight. Such people find nothing wrong with selling what should be jealously guarded as national assets and secrets to foreigners. They smuggle the local designs abroad and have them pirated. The fabrics are smuggled into the country and sold at ridiculously low prices by these nation wreckers.
It is in the light of the negative effects of the pirated textiles on the local textile manufacturing companies and vendors that the textile workers took to the streets of Accra Central Business District recently. They also presented a petition to the government. The local textile manufacturers and traders are unable to compete with the dealers in pirated textiles. The incomes of the former are adversely affected. The national economy also suffers as a result of this unpatriotic act. There are no taxes paid on most of these imported textiles because the smugglers outwit the tax agencies. Even some of the tax officials connive with these smugglers.
Our textile industries have their own internal problems. There is irregular and insufficient supply of cotton, the major raw material. The cost of production is very high. It is therefore, not surprising that some of the local industries such as Juapong Textiles, have collapsed resulting the loss of jobs and other related hardships. Other companies such as Akosombo Textiles, Ghana Textile Printing and Printex Ghana Ltd. are barely surviving, as a result of the pirating of fabrics.
Our local textile manufacturing companies must be saved. The rights of the owners of the designs must be protected. The government should encourage and develop the cotton industry. Tis will make cotton readily available so that the locally manufactured fabrics can be sold at affordable prices. The security agencies and officials should be held responsible for the predicament in which the country finds itself regarding the imported pirated textile products. They should be made to discharge their duties diligently.
Anybody or group of people arrested in connection with smuggling, either the designs or the finished products, should be immediately prosecuted. Punishments severe enough to deter others must be meted out to offenders. However, if our laws are not stringent enough new ones should be promulgated to deal with this nuisance because it is getting out of hand. Our local industries must continue to flourish to provide employment for the people. The rights of the designers must also be protected.
a) In two sentences, one for each summarize why pirated textiles are common on the market.
b) In two sentences, one for each summarize the negative effects of pirated textiles.
c) In two sentences, one for each summarize how the local textile manufacturing
companies can be saved.
a) i) There is no legislation to check or control the importation of pirated textiles.
ii) Pirated textiles are sold at lower prices. Or
They are cheap.
b) i)The local manufacturers or traders cannot compete with the dealers in pirated textiles.
ii)The government loses revenue. Or
The economy is adversely affected.
iii) The workers lose their jobs. Or
There is unemployment. Or
Factories are closed down.
c) i) The cotton industry should be developed.
ii) Security agencies and tax officials should perform their duties diligently.
iii) Culprits should be prosecuted and severely punished.